A denture may be considered one of the oldest method of replacing one or more missing teeth. A person may have a partial denture when there are natural teeth remaining or a complete/full dentures when all the teeth are missing.
Partial or full denture consist of artificial teeth attached to a gum-coloured base that forms part of the surrounding soft tissues.
A partial denture normally requires as many as 5 steps to complete the process over a period of 3-4 weeks. For a full denture where teeth need to be extracted, the conventional approach would mean that the process will take as long as 2 months after teeth extractions.
For a full set of dentures, there is a procedure option known as “immediate dentures” where the denture is prepared and fabricated in advance prior to teeth extractions. Upon teeth extraction, a patient can immediately be fitted with the full denture and not have to endure a “toothless” period. However, bones and gums can shrink over time, especially during the healing period following tooth removal. Therefore a disadvantage of immediate dentures compared with conventional dentures is that they require more adjustments to fit properly during the healing process or they may need to be replaced altogether once the gums and bones healing process is complete. Generally, immediate denture should only be considered a temporary solution until conventional dentures can be made.
Implant-supported dentures provide more stability to thee dentures. This system requires the dentures to be connected to titanium abutments that are implanted into the jaw bone. The dentures are still removable for cleaning and maintenance.
Acrylic is used to make standard full & partial dentures. The largest single advantage to this type of denture (aside from its comparatively low cost) is that new teeth and new denture base can easily be added to an existing acrylic denture. If later in the course of treatment existing natural teeth are extracted for any reason, new false teeth can be added quickly to the partial, maintaining the patient’s appearance. This type of appliance can last for many years with proper maintenance; however, it is advisable to replace your denture every 5- years to ensure its proper functions.
Valplast® is a flexible denture base resin which is ideal for partial dentures and unilateral restorations. The resin is a biocompatible nylon thermoplastic with unique physical and aesthetic properties. Valplast® allows your patient’s natural tissue tone to appear through the material. These dentures are very robust & are not prone to breaking. Because this fantastic material is flexible the gum colored ”wings” hook around adjacent teeth holding the denture in the “gap” snuggly & more securely than alternative denture materials such as acrylic. Valplast® dentures can be religned & also adjacent teeth can be added to an existing denture should this be required.
The underlying, mostly hidden, metal base increases the strength of the denture. This type of metal can also be made very thin, making the joints from one side of the mouth to the other a lot less bulky.